Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is a fertility procedure whereby washed sperm is placed in the uterus to increase the chances of fertilization. This procedure is done around ovulation. It is often combined with giving the female patient fertility drugs to increase the chances of conceiving. The sperm is washed to remove dead and abnormal sperm, and to activate the normal sperm to swim more efficiently. IUI is performed when the male partner has a borderline or normal sperm count, motility or sperm shaped. For an IUI to be successful, the fallopian tubes in the female patient must be healthy and open.
IVF is a form of ART whereby mature eggs are collected from the ovary. The eggs are collected by doing a surgical procedure that can be done under local or general anaesthesia. The mature eggs are then placed in a culture dish with the appropriate ratio of sperm and left to be fertilized via natural selection. Once these fertilized eggs develop into embryos after fertilization, they are then placed into the uterus. The placement of the embryos are done by doing a simple procedure without any form of anaesthesia. The duration of IVF treatment may take 2 weeks or longer depending on the treatment protocol. The success of IVF depends on many factors, such as a patient's age and the cause of her infertility.
This is a form of ART similar to IVF except that a single sperm is injected into the oocyte (egg) rather than the sperm entering the egg on its own. This type of fertility treatment is used mainly for male infertility, especially in low sperm count, poor morphology and testicular aspiration or biopsy.